It was the biggest shoe factory in Scotland - and employed more than 1,000 workers in its prime.
The Saxone plant in Kilmarnock was a major employer until the 1980s with the firm thriving for decades in the town.
1. An army of workers
The Saxone shoe factory in Kilmarnock employed 1,000 workers by the late 1940s with the operation the ultimate expression of the area's shoemaking tradition.
2. A shoe fit for all
Saxone, which also had a network of 180 stores across the UK, made every pair of shoes in five fittings - a key to its success on the high street. The company also pioneered the use of vulcanised rubber soles to help keep feet dry...
3. Honest British workers
Saxone advertised its shoes as being "made of honest British leather by British workers at Kilmarnock" with the company also specialising in a high-fashion range for the European market.
4. A good place to work
The firm was lauded for its good relationship with its employees, who earned annual bonuses on a regular basis.
5. Going the distance
Saxone claimed its shoes would last three times longer than any other brand.
6. The last steps
Saxone's giant brick factory shut in the mid 1980s after it was bought by Sears group. It was later demolished. Within a decade, the company's network of stores had become unprofitable, and also disappeared.
The Goodyear welting process is a machine-based alternative to the traditional hand-welted method (c. 1500) for manufacturing men's shoes, allowing them to be resoled repeatedly.
The upper part of the shoe is shaped over the last and fastened on by sewing a leather, linen or synthetic strip (also known as the "welt") to the inner and upper sole. As well as using a welt, stitching holds the material firmly together.
The welt forms a cavity which is then filled with a cork material. The final part of the shoe is the sole, which is attached to the welt by some combination of stitching and a high strength adhesive like contact cement or hide glue. The result is highly valued for being relatively waterproof by minimizing water penetration into the insole and the relative ease of resoling as long as the upper remains viable. Welted shoes are more expensive to manufacture than those mass produced by automated machinery with molded soles.